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Kuba - zabytki Listy Światowego Dziedzictwa UNESCO

Kuba - podróże na KubęKuba - mapa krajuKuba - spis artykułów i galeriiKuba - wiza, ambasady, przepisy wjazdowe, informacje dla kierowców, podróżowanie po kraju, przepisy celne, bezpieczeństwo, przydatne informacjeKuba - aktualna pogoda, roczny opad i temperaturaKuba - szczepienia, zdrowie, poradyKuba - kurs waluty, przelicznik na PLN, USD, EUROKuba - co zwiedzić, zabytki Listy Światowego Dziedzictwa UNESCOKuba - przewodniki, mapy, atlasy
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Alejandro de Humboldt National Park  
Complex geology and varied topography have given rise to a diversity of ecosystems and species unmatched in the insular Caribbean and created one of the most biologically diverse tropical island sites on earth. Many of the underlying rocks are toxic to plants so species have had to adapt to survive in these hostile conditions. This unique process of evolution has resulted in the development of many new species and the park is one of the most important sites in the Western Hemisphere for the conservation of endemic flora. Endemism of vertebrates and invertebrates is also very high.
Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba  
The remains of the 19th-century coffee plantations in the foothills of the Sierra Maestra are unique evidence of a pioneer form of agriculture in a difficult terrain. They throw considerable light on the economic, social, and technological history of the Caribbean and Latin American region.
Desembarco del Granma National Park  
Desembarco del Granma National Park, with its uplifted marine terraces and associated ongoing development of karst topography and features, represents a globally significant example of geomorphologic and physiographic features and ongoing geological processes. The area, which is situated in and around Cabo Cruz in south-east Cuba, includes spectacular terraces and cliffs, as well as some of the most pristine and impressive coastal cliffs bordering the western Atlantic.
Old Havana and its Fortifications  
Havana was founded in 1519 by the Spanish. By the 17th century, it had become one of the Caribbean's main centres for ship-building. Although it is today a sprawling metropolis of 2 million inhabitants, its old centre retains an interesting mix of Baroque and neoclassical monuments, and a homogeneous ensemble of private houses with arcades, balconies, wrought-iron gates and internal courtyards.
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba  
Commercial and political rivalries in the Caribbean region in the 17th century resulted in the construction of this massive series of fortifications on a rocky promontory, built to protect the important port of Santiago. This intricate complex of forts, magazines, bastions and batteries is the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture, based on Italian and Renaissance design principles.
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios  
Founded in the early 16th century in honour of the Holy Trinity, the city was a bridgehead for the conquest of the American continent. Its 18th- and 19th-century buildings, such as the Palacio Brunet and the Palacio Cantero, were built in its days of prosperity from the sugar trade.
Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos  
The colonial town of Cienfuegos was founded in 1819 in the Spanish territory but was initially settled by immigrants of French origin. It became a trading place for sugar cane, tobacco and coffee. Situated on the Caribbean coast of southern-central Cuba at the heart of the country’s sugar cane, mango, tobacco and coffee production area, the town first developed in the neoclassical style. It later became more eclectic but retained a harmonious overall townscape. Among buildings of particular interest are the Government Palace (City Hall), San Lorenzo School, the Bishopric, the Ferrer Palace, the former lyceum, and some residential houses. Cienfuegos is the first, and an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble representing the new ideas of modernity, hygiene and order in urban planning as developed in Latin America from the 19th century.
Vinales Valley  
The Vinales valley is encircled by mountains and its landscape is interspersed with dramatic rocky outcrops. Traditional techniques are still in use for agricultural production, particularly of tobacco. The quality of this cultural landscape is enhanced by the vernacular architecture of its farms and villages, where a rich multi-ethnic society survives, illustrating the cultural development of the islands of the Caribbean, and of Cuba.
Źródło: whc.unesco.org
» Alejandro de Humboldt National Park (en)
» Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba (en)
» Desembarco del Granma National Park (en)
» Old Havana and its Fortifications (en)
» San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba (en)
» Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios (en)
» Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos (en)
» Vinales Valley (en)